Bhavika Jakhotiya, Pranay Kutal, Urvi Patil, Samruddhi Shinde, Tejas Shinde, Pratima Wagh
Ar. Richa Raut
Frank Lloyd Wright described vernacular architecture as “Folk building growing in response to actual needs, fitted into the environment by people who knew no better than to fit them with native feeling”. The architecture of torajan houses is indegenious to the region and is influenced by the different environmental and cultural factors that can be observed in the indonesian islands. The orientation and the planning of the interior spaces is highly influenced by the direction of the sunlight and the beliefs of the tribe people themselves. Even the materiality and the method used by them to adjust to the local climate has made this structure way more efficient in terms of circulation and articulation within the restricted space.
Adding to this, the uniqueness of the way in which they have tackled the problems of modulating the sunlight by covering the structure in a hyperbolic roof form to providing a stilt area for the cattle and also for keeping the house at a elevated height during floods is what makes this truly an great example of vernacular architecture.