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Studio Conductors
Semester
Subject
Student Name
Ananya Nayak, Sharayu Vinchurkar, Urja Arte, Isha Padte, Pranjal Tak, Aashtha Chauhan
Environmental Studies
III
Ar. Richa Raut

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Mongolia is a vast, landlocked country, between Russia and China. Its continental climate is one of the world’s most extreme: extremely cold winters, hot summers, high winds and mostly blue skies. Almost a third of Mongolians are still nomads who herd sheep, horses, yaks, camels, goats. They live in circular houses known as yurts. Over the years yurts have been able to sustain the harsh climate of Mongolia due to its structural design and materiality. These structures are excellent for these tribes because they keep shifting during winters. The wooden framework makes it convenient to transport , dismantle and reinstall easily. The organization and furnishings of the interior space mirrors the family's roles and spiritual concepts. Herders were excellent astronomers who used the sun's position in the crown of the yurt as a sundial. Even their structures responded to the cardinal directions where the doorways always faced south, also improving passive heat gain throughout the yurt. Thus this structure adapts well to the climatic conditions in Mongolia and makes it an excellent choice for the migratory herders.

Mudhif Architecture - Iraq

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