Devam Ghatak, Shreesh Karambelkar, Shubham Rajput
Ar. Prerna Thakar
Cappadocia houses are located in Turkey. The case study provided us the opportunity to study the typologies of structures present in Cappadocia. These are rock-cut buildings that are heavily influenced by climatic, geographical, historical, and political conditions. The rock-cut architecture of Cappadocia is mainly divided into two parts - cave houses and Underground cities. The cave houses include fairy chimneys, churches, and cliff cities. The caved houses are naturally-formed rock structures and are a result of a geological process that began millions of years ago. They were later carved into homes and temples by humans. They included a network of handmade caves and tunnels which could be used for homes, churches, temples, refuges, etc.
Whereas the Underground cities are a series of interlinked subterranean spaces which were carved to provide a defensive refuge, a place for living, working, storage, etc. They were designed for protection against attacks. Various defensive strategies could be understood via the architecture and planning of the Underground cites.