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Studio Conductors
Semester
Subject
Student Name
Devam Ghatak, Shreesh Karambelkar, Shubham Rajput
Environmental Studies
II
Ar. Prerna Thakar

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Cappadocia houses are located in Turkey. The case study provided us the opportunity to study the typologies of structures present in Cappadocia. These are rock-cut buildings that are heavily influenced by climatic, geographical, historical, and political conditions. The rock-cut architecture of Cappadocia is mainly divided into two parts - cave houses and Underground cities. The cave houses include fairy chimneys, churches, and cliff cities. The caved houses are naturally-formed rock structures and are a result of a geological process that began millions of years ago. They were later carved into homes and temples by humans. They included a network of handmade caves and tunnels which could be used for homes, churches, temples, refuges, etc.

Whereas the Underground cities are a series of interlinked subterranean spaces which were carved to provide a defensive refuge, a place for living, working, storage, etc. They were designed for protection against attacks. Various defensive strategies could be understood via the architecture and planning of the Underground cites.

Cappadocia

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